Welcome to Treasurehunting.tv

*Archaeology News*
*Metal Detecting News*
*Treasure Hunting News*

This website is brought to you by a team of very passionate historians and metal detectorists. We are not part of the grab it and run brigade.
History is extremely important to us and recording finds and working alongside archaeologists is of utmost importance.

Monday, 30 July 2012

Roman road found beneath the Stockwell Arms - Colchester

ARCHAEOLOGISTS have unearthed a Roman road beneath a former Colchester pub.

A dig at the site of the Stockwell Arms, in West Stockwell Street, has revealed an unexpected glimpse into our history.

The discovery could mean historians have to revise their drawings of Colchester circa 40AD, after the road was found three metres away from where they thought it would be. The road would have run from north to south, through the ancient settlement of Camulodunum.

Full Story

Sunday, 29 July 2012

Digging into history at Warminster

Children at St John’s Primary School in Warminster got a chance to dig around under their school last week during a visit by TV archaeologist Julian Richards.

Mr Richards, presenter of Meet The Ancestors, has been visiting schools in the county as part of the What’s Under Your School project, to encourage an interest in archaeology.

With his help and that of fellow archaeologist Clare Ryley, the Year 6 children at St John’s found flint tools, one as much as 6,000 years old, clay pipes, Victorian pottery and cow bones.

Full Story

Badge of honour appeal!

Appeal to buy rare silver boar badge associated with Richard III

The Yorkshire Museum has launched an appeal to buy a "rare" 15th Century silver badge worn by those loyal to King Richard III.

The silver gilt livery badge in the form of a boar, a symbol of Richard III, was found by a metal detectorist in 2010 near Stillingfleet, North Yorkshire.

It is one of only a relatively small number ever found and because it is silver-gilt it would have once belonged to someone of high status.

Now the Yorkshire Museum is appealing to members of the public to keep the fascinating object in public collections by launching a fundraising campaign for £2,000.

Natalie McCaul, assistant curator or archaeology, said: "This is an exciting and rare find and because of its connection to Richard III it makes it something very important to Yorkshire. We hope we can keep hold of it and put it on show to the public for them to enjoy. By keeping it in the museum’s collections we also hope we can find out more about it and perhaps discover more clues to who the owner was."

The badge, which is 3.6cm by 2.9cm, depicts the white boar of Richard III, a symbol of King Richard III (1483-1485) which was used by his household and followers between the 1470s and 1485. The badge is in need of conservation to remove dirt, but some of the details can still be made out, such as a large oval eye, the snout and the tusks.

Richard ordered that 13,000 boar badges be made for his son Edward's investiture at York Minster in 1483, but despite this large number few have actually been found in this region. Similar items found across the country are made of cloth or copper, but for those of status more precious metals would be used, such as silver in this instance.

The Yorkshire Museum hopes that clues to the owner of the badge could be found by looking at those with power and loyalty to Richard III living in the Stillingfleet area.

The Museum has until September to raise the £2,000 needed, or the badge could be sold on the private market to the highest bidder. Donations can be made at the Yorkshire Museum, Museum Gardens, York, or online at Yorkshire Museum

Saturday, 21 July 2012

English Coin Database

Absolutely super news. For many years I've wanted to create a sister site, to Treasure Hunting TV, to help Coin Collectors and Metal Detectorists, identify their coins. As a keen collector of English coins, I felt it would hold more value, concentrating on them. So this week I have started uploading images and giving reference to the coins.

You'll find such things as Size, Inscription, Images and other relevant information.

For now I will not be uploading Celtic or Roman - and Foreign, may be for a day in years to come, on a different database. I certainly have enough to be getting on with, at the moment.

For those who want to take a peek, in its infancy.

English Coin Database

Thursday, 19 July 2012

Victoria Cross fetches £276,000 at auction

The first Victoria Cross awarded to a private in World War I has sold for £276,000 at auction. The medal, awarded to Pte Sidney Godley, of East Grinstead, West Sussex, was expected to fetch up to £180,000.

Pte Godley manned a machine-gun position defending Nimy Bridge in Mons while under fire from German soldiers in the first weeks of the war.

A second VC, awarded posthumously to a Gloucestershire soldier, was sold for £240,000 at the same auction.

The Victoria Cross (V.C.) is the highest military decoration given for bravery and gallantry in the face of the enemy. The award is given to the armed forces in various Commonwealth countries, as well as all ofthe former British Empire territories. Private Godley was a worthy recipient, as although severely wounded by shrapnel and witha bullet lodged in his skull, he took over a machine-gun from his mortally wounded commanding officer and continued to hold his position, single-handedly for two hours, against a sustained heavy German assault. When the order came to withdraw, he maintained a covering fire until the entirebattalion was evacuated. After much resistance he was eventually overtaken by the enemy and taken as a prisoner of war.

The announcement of his award was published in the London Gazetteon the 25th November, 1914 andread: 'For coolness and gallantry in fighting his machine gun under a hot fire for two hours after he had been wounded at Mons on 23rd August.'

The original Recommendation, by Lieutenant F.W.A. Steele, Royal Fusiliers, states: 'In the defence of a railway bridge near Nimy, 23rd August 1914, Private Godley of 'B' Company showed particular heroism in his management of the machine guns. His Commanding Officer having been severely wounded and each machine gunner in turn shot, Private Godley was called to the firing line on the bridge and under heavy fire he had to remove three dead bodies and proceed to an advanced machine gun position under a sustained enemy fire. He carried on defending the position for two hours after he had received a severe head wound.'

Commenting on the importance and rarity of thisV.C. group, medal specialist at Spink, Oliver Pepys, said: “The Godley V.C. is both hugely important and highly emotive and is one of the most famous medal groups of the Great War. Through his actions at Mons, even to the last, when he ensured that his gun would not fall into enemy hands, Godley set a standard that the British Tommy would aspire to for the rest of the War, and brought honour to his Regiment.”

Sunday, 15 July 2012

Celtic coins have been discovered in a Leicestershire village

The 10 gold 2000-year-old coins were found in Peatling Magna by metal detectorist Steve Bestwick and have now been unveiled by Leicestershire County Council.

They depict horses surrounded by mysterious symbols and were made in modern day northern France or the Low Countries between 60-50 BC, showing that cross-channel trade is nothing new.

The coins suggest that the Iron Age inhabitants of Leicestershire, referred to as the Corieltavi, had contact with their continental counterparts.  Most ordinary people would have been farmers at that time, living in small communities of thatched roofed roundhouses.  Only a small number of elite members of the tribe would have had access to precious objects such as these coins, perhaps reserving them for special ceremonies or transactions.

50 greatest national treasures revealed

They are the hidden gems discovered by amateur treasure hunters, shedding new light on the story of our islands.

After sifting through hundreds of thousands of submissions, a panel of archaeological experts have chosen what they consider are the 50 greatest treasures discovered in the past 15 years.

From rare Iron Age jewels to an antique prosthetic nose - the Tudor alternative to cosmetic surgery - they include extraordinary artefacts that lay untouched for centuries.

Each item was judged on its national, historical and cultural significance and will feature on the ITV series Britain’s Secret Treasures.

Full Story and Pics

Saturday, 14 July 2012

Detector finds ring lost in lake ... and its owner

Earl Johnson is a detectorist.

Through the years, using his metal detecting equipment, he has found several thousand dollars worth of scrap gold and silver jewelry, hundreds of dollars worth of coins and, as you might expect, pounds and pounds of trash.

But the ring he found in four feet of water at Greers Ferry Lake sent him on a hunt of another kind.

The detecting trip had been a surprise getaway planned by his wife, Terri. They’d spend a night in Heber Springs, giving Earl a day of detecting.

Full Story

Monday, 9 July 2012

Roman fertility eagle dug up

A Roman symbol of fertility found near Selkirk, shaped like an eagle emerging from a flower with a berry in its mouth, highlights the discoveries made in Scotland in this year’s Treasure Trove Report.

The talisman, excavated in 2010 by a local metal detectorist between Selkirk and Galashiels, is believed to have adorned a Roman wagon or chariot, and is the first relic of its kind to be found north of the border.

Full Story and Photos

Ancient finds point to Pictish fort

The discovery of a possible Pictish fort near a north-east village has further strengthened the claim that the site was once an important ancient political settlement.

Finds of pottery, bronze pins, glass and amber beads just outside Rhynie last year led archaeologists to the conclusion that the Aberdeenshire site was an important stronghold around AD500. The Rhynie Environs Archaeological Project (REAP) is excavating a new trench at the Craw Stane site, just outside the village, and with the help of aerial photographs they have begun to map out what appears to be the remains of a fort.

Full Story

Archaeologists dig into past at Kinloss Abbey

Persistent rain failed to deter two budding archaeologists at the weekend as they carried out a sophisticated survey of ancient Kinloss Abbey.

Archaeologists from ORCA (Orkney Research Centre for Archaeology) taught local youngsters Owen Wheelton and Charlotte Johnson how to use specialist equipment in the hope they might unearth some of the 12th century building’s long-forgotten secrets.

The workshop took place on Saturday and was part of the £24,000 Rekindle Kinloss initiative.

Full Story

Saturday, 7 July 2012

Objects found by metal detectorists in Norfolk declared treasure trove

Gold and silver objects found by metal detectorists in Norfolk that date back more than one thousand years were among the items declared treasure trove at inquests yesterday.

Among the items was a post medieval gold finger ring that would have been worn by an elegant lady during Tudor times about 450 years ago.

The item was found on land in Banningham, near North Walsham, on December 4 last year by Damon Pye, who attended the inquest.

Mr Pye said he was still excited by the find seven months on, and added that a similar example was housed at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.

Norfolk coroner William Armstrong added that it was “certainly, an attractive item” and congratulated Mr Pye on his discovery.

Full Story and Photo

Crossrail exhibition offers glimpse of London’s history including 55 million-year-old amber and skeleton from Bethlehem Hospital burial ground

Press Release

The Crossrail archaeology programme has now reached its half-way point with a number of valuable discoveries made so far. To celebrate, Crossrail is hosting a public exhibition on Saturday 7 July from 10 am to 5pm at the Music Room, Grays Antiques, 26 South Molton Street, W1K 5LF.

The exhibition will display rare and priceless finds to provide a glimpse of life in London through the ages. Visitors will have an opportunity to interact with some of the artefacts and learn how archaeologists analyse the finds to determine their age.

Amongst the exciting discoveries on display is a skeleton from the St Bethlehem Hospital burial ground underneath Liverpool Street. The burial site was used between 1569 and the mid-18th Century for Bedlam’s patients and local residents. Trial archaeology excavations have already unveiled over 300 burials, many of which are just 1.5 metres below street level.

Jay Carver, Crossrail’s lead archaeologist said: “Crossrail is undertaking the biggest archaeology project in the UK. Over the past few years we have worked in a range of challenging and constrained sites including busy London streets and abandoned wharves along the Thames. This exhibition consists of a selection of our oldest, rarest and most peculiar finds. It will show visitors how life has changed in the capital as well as helping people to understand how archaeologists plan and execute digs.”

The Crossrail archaeology programme began in 2009 with archaeologists beginning their investigations at Tottenham Court Road, where they excavated the former Crosse & Blackwell factory site.

Since then Crossrail has uncovered finds dating from pre-historic times to the industrial revolution including Roman artefacts and remnants of Britain’s industrial heritage.  Unique exhibits on display include medieval ceramic wig curlers, 17th Century gravestone markers and skates made from animal bone.

Crossrail archaeologists have also uncovered engineering workshops belonging to the historic Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company near Canning Town.  The Company played a significant part in Britain’s industrial history until its closure in 1912. It was the first shipyard in the world to produce iron ships. Unexpectedly, the excavations also revealed wreckage from a large clinker built boat believed to be from the 13th Century and likely to be an early Thames barge used for transporting goods.

A key discovery during the ground investigations has been extremely rare 55 million-year-old amber fragments at the Crossrail Canary Wharf station site.

Dr Ursula Lawrence, Crossrail’s geotechnical expert said: “It’s very rare to find amber in the UK geology. Most of the other pieces of amber come from below the chalk level, unlike this one which was found just 15 metres below the dock bed at Canary Wharf in the Upnor Formation of the Lambeth Group. This was a very unlikely place for such a find – equivalent to finding a large diamond on the beach.”

Gas bubbles from within the amber may offer scientists an opportunity to study environmental conditions from the time. The amber itself will be analysed to determine which kind of tree it came from to indicate the environment at the time.

Crossrail passes through the heart of London’s West End and along the north edge of the Roman and medieval city. The archaeology programme therefore expects to uncover further important and interesting remains.

Eastbourne Terrace at Paddington will be one of the next sites to be studied later this year. The team will also carry out excavations in Farringdon at Crossrail’s eastern ticket hall site located between Smithfield Market and Barbican station. Trial digs at this site have already confirmed an old river channel, and evidence of leather production under Smithfield Market.

At Moorgate, the archaeology team hopes to uncover further Roman remains from the city of Londinium. Another interesting feature near Blomfield Street is the River Walbrook, known to be a Roman canal.

Between 2013 and 2014 the Crossrail archaeologists will undertake the largest excavation on the project at Broadgate where the St Bethlehem Hospital burial grounds will be completely exposed and studied. Investigations have confirmed the presence of up to 4,000 complete skeletons at the site. The archaeologists will continue to dig deeper to see whether evidence of the Roman city survives at a lower level.

All items uncovered during Crossrail’s archaeological investigations will be donated to the Museum of London or to the Natural History Museum.

     Crossrail exhibition offers glimpse of London’s history including 55 million-year-old       amber and skeleton from Bethlehem Hospital burial ground

Mystery surrounds metal detector find

MYSTERY surrounds the origin of a badge dug up by an eagle-eyed metal detecting enthusiast.

Roger Luker discovered the silver badge six months ago while metal detecting in Cheltenham. But the 65-year-old's hunt for its meaning has proved fruitless.

Full Story

Friday, 6 July 2012

Can you scrap English Copper Coins?

In recent years the bronze pennies and twopences of Elizabeth II have become more valuable as scrap, than the value attributed to it by the Royal Mint. However

However not everybody is aware that in the Coinage Act 1971, it is strictly prohibited to melt down or break up any metal coin which is for the time being current in the United Kingdom or which, having been current there, has at any time after 16th May 1969 ceased to be so.

The penalty is

Any person who contravenes subsection (1) of this section shall be liable—
(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £400;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or both.

10   Restrictions on melting or breaking of metal coins.

(1)No person shall, except under the authority of a licence granted by the Treasury, melt down or break up any metal coin which is for the time being current in the United Kingdom or which, having been current there, has at any time after 16th May 1969 ceased to be so. 

(2)Any person who contravenes subsection (1) of this section shall be liable— 

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £400; 

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or both. 

(3)If any condition attached to a licence granted under subsection (1) of this section is contravened or not complied with, the person to whom the licence was granted shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding [F18level 5 on the standard scale]unless he proves that the contravention or non-compliance occurred without his consent or connivance and that he exercised all due diligence to prevent it. 

(4)The court by or before which any person is convicted of an offence under this section may, whether or not it imposes any other punishment, order the articles in respect of which the offence was committed to be forfeited to Her Majesty. 

(5)Where an offence under this section committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

So next time you are tempted it might be worth bearing this in mind.

Thursday, 5 July 2012

Bitterley Hoard Video

The hoard was found by Howard Murphy on farmland in the Bitterley Area, South Shropshire in February 2011.

Here is a video of the excavation carried out by Peter Reavill his local Finds Liaison Officer, based with Shropshire Museums.

Archaeology dig precedes Egham works

ARCHAEOLOGISTS are digging up a town car park to ensure there are no historical artefacts there, ahead of a multi-million pound redevelopment.

Contractors commissioned by L-P Archaeology have started the first of 13 excavations in the Church Road car park in Egham, as a precursor to a new supermarket and hotel being built there after the Olympics.

The easternmost end of the car park had been fenced off from shoppers as the work, which is expected to take around three weeks, began.

Full Story

Tuesday, 3 July 2012

Rubicon’s Best Ever Find? Discovering A Uniquely Preserved Medieval Object

Today has been a typically varied day in the offices of Rubicon Heritage; we have just this week relocated our main Irish office from an industrial estate in Little Island to a much more central premises in Midleton, where our new neighbours fix pianos! Amidst the chaos of the move and some of the less glamorous but vital aspects of running a commercial business (such as checking and authorising payments, reviewing accounts and writing tenders) there has been one real highlight that I want to share with you. As Cork experiences horrendous weather conditions and widespread flooding, the Irish Summer has been forgotten in the Rubicon offices. The reason for this is an email I received yesterday, which revealed that we had discovered what appears to be an internationally significant archaeological find.


Dating Bottles

I, once had the pleasure of being acquainted with John Woodham (The Old Bottleman) who had a huge knowledge on old bottles. He gave me permission to use this article, and I hope it will be of some interest.


The accurate dating of bottles can be very difficult and often impossible. Few carry an actual date and on those that do, the date may just be the date that the company was established or when that particular design was first used. Usually the best that can be hoped for is a period when that particular type of bottle was used.

The well known Keiller marmalade pot is a good example of this. The company's first pots showed a wreath and the wording Keiller's Dundee Marmalade. In 1862 the company won a medal for their produce and added this to the printing. Another medal was won in 1873, this was again added to the pot. By the 1920s the shape of the jar had became thinner and taller, but these dates were still printed on it. Therefore the closest a Keiller pot can be dated is before 1862, between 1862 & 1873, between 1873 & 1920 and after 1920.
(Many of the Keillers advertised on the web as Victorian are actually after 1920)

The shape of a bottle, crudeness of manufacture, thickness of glass, shape of the lip or string rim, colouration and the type of mould used can all give clues to a period but this can only be gained through experience and handling bottles. Having personally dug thousands of bottles & pots from many accurately dated old rubbish dumps I am usually willing to have a stab at dating an item, but even with this background any estimate will only be a probability based on personal experience and could be wrong.
Numbers marked on stoneware are often only manufacturers batch or pattern numbers, even if they look like dates. Although this may sound rather negative, there are times when it is possible to give an actual date. The two figure number often found in the centre of  the Bourne Denby potters stamp is accepted in Britain as being the date of manufacture. (e.g. 98 is 1898 and 02 is 1902).

Just occasionally mineral water and beer bottles do show the year of manufacture underneath, so it is always worth looking at the base. About 50% of flagons seem to have a date printed on them, so if you dig a piece of one from a dump check to see if this is on it as it can help tell when the dump was used and a likely date for any other finds from that site.

Sometimes pictures of today's collectable bottles appear in the advertisements in old magazines and these are an invaluable source of reference.- they not only show a period of use but also identify the contents of a particular type of bottle. (Bear in mind that standard shaped bottles were often used for a range of different products).
Researching through old trade journals in the library can show when a firm started trading, closed down or changed its trading name or address and help identify a period. 
(e.g. John Gosnell & Co. who used a picture of the young Queen Victoria on its cherry toothpaste pots, became a Limited company in 1903. Therefore pots bearing Ltd must be after that date).

Today's problems with pirating & look-alike products are nothing new. It has long been common practice to cash in on popular products and a century ago competitors often packed their products in similar packaging, or gave it a similar name to a better know supplier.
(e.g. Bovril once had Bovil as a competitor). 

From 1842 companies could protect their designs or trade marks by registering them with the Patents Office. Registration details were shown on the item and, although this will not give a bottle an actual date of  manufacture, it will give the earliest date it could have been made and a likely period of use.
Between 1842 and 1883 this registration mark was in the form of a diamond (Registration Diamond) and from 1884 onward a number was used. At first sight the Registration diamond seems complicated to translate because of the code letters, but this is not so, it is surprisingly simple. 

There are actually two diamonds, one type was used until 1860 and the other from 1861 to 1883. One the first, a letter is shown in the top of the diamond , in the later version a number is shown in the top. The reason being that the year was given a code letter and, once all the letters in the alphabet had been used, the year was then moved to the right hand side.
Both types of diamond used the same set of letters to show the month and a number showing the day of the month that the registration was made.


A   1845          G   1863          M   1859          S   1849          Y   1853
B   1858          H   1843          N   1864          T   1867           Z   1860
C   1844           I   1846          O   1862          U   1848          
D   1852          J   1854          P    1851          V   1850
E   1855          K   1857          Q   1866          W   1865
F   1847          L   1856           R   1861           X   1842


A   1871               I    1872        U   1882
C   1870              J    1880        V   1876
D   1878              K   1873        W  1878
E   1881               L   1882          1-6th March
F   1873               P   1877        Y   1868
H   1869              S    1875        Z   1875

** CLASS - There are 13 classes, or types, of goods.
Those covering bottles are III glass & IV for ceramics  

MONTH  (Both Varieties)

A December
B October
C January
D September
E May
G February
H April
I July
K November 
        Also December 1860
M June
O Sometimes used for January
R August
        Also 1st - 19th September 1857 
W March


Once (most of ) the letters had been used a second time, the Patent Office quite sensibly changed the system to a straight forward register of numbers.

The numbers shown on the right was issued on January 1st of the year shown alongside. (January 2nd when the 1st fell on a Sunday) This is a much simpler system for identifying when a design was first registered. 
E.g. 123456 would have been issued in 1889.
The number 1 was issued on 1st January 1884 for the Triangle Trademark used by Bass Brewery.

The registration number can be shown with a wide variety of prefixes such as: Registration Number;  Reg;  R.D.;   Reg. Design;  R.A.N.;  Reg. No.

Most reference books only show registration numbers up to 1910, I have also added those for 1920, 1930, 1940 & 1950

          1 1884
  19754 1885
  40480 1886
  64520 1887
  90483 1888
116648 1889
141273 1890
163767 1891
185713 1892
205240 1893
224720 1894
246975 1895
268392 1896
291241 1897
311658 1898
331707 1899

351202 1900
368154 1901
385088 1902
402913 1903
425017 1904
447548 1905
471486 1906
492487 1907
518415 1908
534963 1909
552000 1910

673750 1920
751160 1930
837520 1940
860854 1950

Treasure hunter shares his adventures after finding 17th century ring in Middlewich

A MIDDLEWICH man stumbled upon a 17th century ring while metal detecting on farmland.

Michael Farrington, of Chadwick Road, discovered the post-medieval golden ‘mourning’ ring while taking part in his hobby in one of the town’s ploughed fields in November 1, 2010.

The 47-year-old said: “Within 15 minutes I got a signal. I dug down about three or four inches and that’s when I found it.

“It didn’t look like a ring at first as it was covered with mud but there it was - this little gold ring.”

Full Story

Monday, 2 July 2012

Crossrail archaeology dig gives us a glimpse into old London

A skeleton, ancient jewellery, medieval ice-skates and other artifacts unearthed during excavations for Crossrail are to go on show to the public.

Archaeologists say the finds — about 100 of which will go on display — offer a glimpse into ancient London and the capital’s industrial history.

The skeleton is one of up to 4,000 found in a site underneath Liverpool Street that was used for about 200 years from 1569 as the burial ground for local residents and patients from St Bethlehem Hospital — known as Bedlam.

Archaeologists have already unveiled 300 burials, many only five feet below street level. The bodies will be moved to a City of London cemetery prior to the completion of the £14.8 billion train line.

Full Story

Sunday, 1 July 2012

Roman find made in Selkirk in Treasure Trove report

A copper alloy cast in the shape of an eagle head uncovered in Selkirk is the first Roman relic of its kind to have been found north of the border.

The weights dating from the 1700s were unearthed at Fortrose.

The finds, along with others made in Perth and Kinross and Fife, are mentioned in a new report.

The seventh annual Scottish Treasure Trove report catalogues ancient and historic items found between April 2011 and March this year.

The Queen's and Lord Treasurers Remembrancer (QLTR) and the Scottish Archaeological Finds Allocation Panel (SAFAP) dealt with the discoveries.

Full Story

Found by a detecting buddy last week!

A Fuze N°209 Mk II which was used with the HE Mk Ic Anti Aircraft shell of 4.5 inch
dated September 1939, which fits with the type of shell as they were only made from 1939 to about 1941. This is because they were made in Switzerland by Tavaro, and no further stocks could be bought after the Swiss stopped selling arms.

The spiral is there for adjusting the mechanical setting pointer of the fuze so it blew at so many seconds after firing, this could be adjusted by way of screwing the outer section. When this blew up depending on how well they were sealed and which was the explosion went would depend on what was left. Some were blown into a million pieces, others would give way at the weakest point usually the screw thread at the base, and if it was quick enough to give way after detonation then the nose cone could remain largely complete. In the early days of the war more people were killed by falling pieces such as this than enemy action.

Because it can be dated so specifically its safe to say this is a nice relic of the Blitz.