When it comes to identifying coins, one of the most challenging coins detector users find, is without doubt an Edward Penny. Or as many detectorists say an ‘Eddie’ Penny. Yet these coins are also one of the most popular hammered coins found.
It was therefore no surprise to see this particular hammered in the ‘Please identify my finds’ section of the UKDN forum this month.
So where do we start? Well as with all coins we have an obverse and a reverse (Front and Back in layman’s terms). The obverse is usually the head of the monarch and reverse is usually the other side, often portraying a cross or shield of some kind, on hammered coins.
On this particular coin the real give away is the annulet stops in the legend, on the obverse side. This almost certainly dated the coin to Edward III. Now it was a case of finding out what coinage.
Well the first two coinages of Edward III could be ruled out pretty quickly. The reason being that the First Coinage (1327-1335) did not have annulet stops, and was merely a continuation of the issues of Edward II and the Second Coinage (1335-1343) issued no pennies, or at least none are known. That led us on to the later issues, including the Florin and Pre and Post Treaty.
Now was the time to have a little look at the reverse. The reverse read CIVITAS DVNE/LMIE which immediately indicated it was a coin minted in Durham. Not only that this particular inscription was only used for Pre Treaty series C, D, E and G. All other coins minted at Durham had different spellings such as DOR/ELME or DV/ELM to name a couple.
So the hard bit had been done. Upon further reading it was noted that series C had a reverse barred N on the reverse (back to front N), yet Series D had an unbarred one, Series E a crozier befor CIVI and Series F, read CIVITAS DVR EME.
As this coin had a reverse barred N on the reverse it was possible to say with some confidence that we had a Fourth, Pre Treaty Coinage, of Edward 11 (1351-1361) Penny. Narrowed down even further for the fact that Class C was only minted between the years 1351-1352). This was confirmed by again checking the obverse legend which read EDWARDVS REX ANGLIE. It also had an Initial mark as Cross type 1 and a Lombardic letter m.
So as you can see it isn’t really has hard as you think.
Copyright Treasurehunterste 2011